A forensic nurse is someone who works with crime victims to collect medical proof and provide expert testimony which will be employed in court. In step with the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN), forensic nurses do far more than address victims' physical and emotional desires. It is defined as the function of the nursing process to public or legal proceedings, and the function of forensic health care in the scientific investigation of trauma and/or death related to abuse, violence, criminal activity, liability, and accidents.
Before there was a specialty recognized as forensic nursing, the term used was clinical forensic medicine. This term specifies the use of clinical practices to support judicial proceedings to protect a victim, usually, after death, it will happen. It was not until the late 20th century that medical professionals wanted more team work between the medical and legal systems. In the United States, this problem began to be addressed. Most nurses practice with the complete framework of body, mind, and spirit. With forensic nursing established, the role of a nurse was changed to also include the law.